How does exercise physiology impact the way we train?
Exercise physiology is the physiology of exercise. It is the study of the body’s response to physical activity. These could include changes to parts of the body such as, heart, lungs, muscles and structural changes in cells.
- Exercise physiology will impact the way we train, as the human body will experience short term responses to exercise. The body prior to exercise will be in its normal state. However when exercise is involved the body’s:
Heart rate will increase – exercise creates an increase demand for for fuels that the body needs. It creates an increase of oxygen needed for the muscles. As more oxygen is entering the body, carbon dioxide, hydrogen ions and lactate are being removed at a faster rate.
- Stroke volume will increase – This refers to the measure of blood being realised from the heart.
- Blood pressure will increase * Blood pressure will increase with any time of exercise however depending on the type of activity the blood pressure will increase. Dynamic exercises will increase the rate of blood pressure much more than static exercises.
With these responses of the body to training/exercise the energy systems adapt also.
Anaerobic energy system will use the ATP-CP system first as a aerobic activity is bursts of training that goes for a short duration of time. Aerobic energy system will help improve endurance and cardiovascular training. Aerobic training is for a long duration of time.
With that being said, exercise physiology impacts training heavily. Exercise physiology involves the body’s responses when it begins training and the changes we undergo when we begin exercise. If we are wanting to lose weight training the aerobic system will help do this however gaining muscle mass using the anaerobic system will help achieve that. As we train our heart rate, stroke volume, blood pressure, cardiac output ect will increase and this is all impacted by exercise physiology.